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Smad3 is acetylated by p300/CBP to regulate its transactivation activity.

Inoue Y., Itoh Y., Abe K., Okamoto T., Daitoku H., Fukamizu A., Onozaki K., Hayashi H.

Smad proteins are crucial for the intracellular signaling of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Upon their receptor-induced activation, Smad proteins are phosphorylated and translocated to the nucleus to activate the transcription of a select set of target genes. Here, we show that the co-activator p300/CBP bound and acetylated Smad3 as well as Smad2 in vivo, and that the acetylation was stimulated by TGF-beta. A major acetylation site of Smad3 by p300/CBP is Lys-378 in the MH2 domain (Smad3C) known to be critical for the regulation of transcriptional activity. Replacement of Lys-378 with Arg decreased the transcriptional activity of GAL4-Smad3C in a luciferase assay. Moreover, p300/CBP potentiated the transcriptional activity of GAL4-Smad3C, but not the acetylation-resistant GAL4-Smad3C(K378R) mutant. These results suggest that acetylation of Smad3 by p300/CBP regulates positively its transcriptional activity.

Oncogene 26:500-508(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]