Isolation and primary structures of seven serine proteinase inhibitors from Cyclanthera pedata seeds.
Seven new trypsin inhibitors, CyPTI I-VII, were purified from ripe seeds of Cyclanthera pedata by affinity chromatography on immobilized chymotrypsin in the presence of 5 M NaCl followed by preparative native PAGE at pH 8.9. The CyPTIs (Cyclanthera pedata trypsin inhibitors) belong to a well-known squash inhibitor family. They contain 28-30 amino acids and have molecular weights from 3031 to 3367 Da. All the isolated inhibitors strongly inhibit bovine beta-trypsin (K(a)>10(11) M(-1)) and, more weakly, bovine alpha-chymotrypsin (K(a) approximately 10(4)-10(6) M(-1)). In the presence of 3 M NaCl the association constants of CyPTIs with alpha-chymotrypsin increased a few hundred fold. Taking advantage of this phenomenon, a high concentration of NaCl was used to isolate the inhibitors by affinity chromatography on immobilized chymotrypsin. It was found that although one of them, CyPTI IV, had split the Asn25-Gly26 peptide bond, its inhibitory activity remained unchanged. The hydrolyzed bond is located downstream of the reactive site. Presumably, the inhibitor is a naturally occurring, double-chain protein arising during posttranslational modifications.