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Protein kinase C delta regulates Ser46 phosphorylation of p53 tumor suppressor in the apoptotic response to DNA damage.

Yoshida K., Liu H., Miki Y.

The p53 tumor suppressor is activated in the cellular response to genotoxic stress. Transactivation of p53 target genes dictates cell cycle arrest and DNA repair or induction of apoptosis; however, a molecular mechanism responsible for these distinct functions remains unclear. Recent studies revealed that phosphorylation of p53 on Ser(46) was associated with induction of p53AIP1 expression, resulting in the commitment of the cell fate into apoptotic cell death. Moreover, upon exposure to genotoxic stress, p53DINP1 was expressed and recruited a kinase(s) to p53 that specifically phosphorylated Ser(46). Here, we show that the pro-apoptotic kinase, protein kinase C delta (PKCdelta), is involved in phosphorylation of p53 on Ser(46). PKCdelta-mediated phosphorylation is required for the interaction of PKCdelta with p53. The results also demonstrate that p53DINP1 associates with PKCdelta upon exposure to genotoxic agents. Consistent with these results, PKCdelta potentiates p53-dependent apoptosis by Ser(46) phosphorylation in response to genotoxic stress. These findings indicate that PKCdelta regulates p53 to induce apoptotic cell death in the cellular response to DNA damage.

J. Biol. Chem. 281:5734-5740(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]