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Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 deposition in the extracellular matrix of cultured human mesangial cells.

Hagege J., Peraldi M.N., Rondeau E., Adida C., Delarue F., Medcalf R., Schleuning W.D., Sraer J.D.

Human mesangial cells secrete tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), the latter being secreted in large excess in vitro. We demonstrate that PAI-1 is a major component of the extracellular matrix of cultured human mesangial cells, where its deposition is dependent on cell density. By immunogold silver staining, epipolarization microscopy and dispersive X-ray spectrometry, we have shown that matrix-associated PAI-1 is synthesized by spreading human mesangial cells, as indicated by the time-dependent accumulation of PAI-1 and the inhibitory effect of cycloheximide. Furthermore, by in situ hybridization, PAI-1 mRNA was detected in cultured mesangial cells. t-PA is present inside the cells, or at the cell surface, but is never associated with the extracellular matrix. Exogenous t-PA can remove matrix-associated PAI-1 without affecting cell adhesion. A similar effect was obtained by addition of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) but not with fibrinolysis unrelated enzymes. In conclusion, PAI-1 is synthesized by human cultured mesangial cells and is deposited in the extracellular matrix by nonconfluent cells, whereas less PAI-1 is seen between confluent cells. This can explain the absence of detectable PAI-1 in normal human kidney biopsies. t-PA released by mesangial cells can bind and detach matrix PAI-1.

Am. J. Pathol. 141:117-128(1992) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]