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Inositol deacylation by Bst1p is required for the quality control of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins.

Fujita M., Yoko-o T., Jigami Y.

Misfolded proteins are recognized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), transported back to the cytosol, and degraded by the proteasome. A number of proteins are processed and modified by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor in the ER, but the quality control mechanisms of GPI-anchored proteins remain unclear. Here, we report on the quality control mechanism of misfolded GPI-anchored proteins. We have constructed a mutant form of the beta-1,3-glucanosyltransferase Gas1p (Gas1*p) as a model misfolded GPI-anchored protein. Gas1*p was modified with a GPI anchor but retained in the ER and was degraded rapidly via the proteasome. Disruption of BST1, which encodes GPI inositol deacylase, caused a delay in the degradation of Gas1*p. This delay was because of an effect on the deacylation activity of Bst1p. Disruption of genes involved in GPI-anchored protein concentration and N-glycan processing caused different effects on the degradation of Gas1*p and a soluble misfolded version of carboxypeptidase Y. Furthermore, Gas1*p associated with both Bst1p and BiP/Kar2p, a molecular chaperone, in vivo. Our data suggest that GPI inositol deacylation plays important roles in the quality control and ER-associated degradation of GPI-anchored proteins.

Mol. Biol. Cell 17:834-850(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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