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Characterization of the ATPase activity of human ATP-binding cassette transporter-2 (ABCA2).

Beljanski V., Soulika A., Tucker J.M., Townsend D.M., Davis W. Jr., Tew K.D.

BACKGROUND: ABCA2 is a member of the ATP binding cassette transporter family with functional roles in cholesterol homeostasis and drug resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to characterize its ATPase activity, we transfected HEK293 cells with an ABCA2 mammalian expression system and isolated ABCA2-enriched membranes. RESULTS: We found no measurable ATPase activity of ABCA2 in isolated membranes, except in the presence of the methyl-beta-cyclodextrin. However, competitive binding of a pseudo-substrate, 8-azido-[alpha-32P]-ATP, was demonstrated. CHO cells transfected with ABCA2 did not have a higher rate of endogenous ATP hydrolysis when compared to the mock-transfected cells. CONCLUSION: Overall, we conclude that, while ABCA2 may have low levels of ATPase activity that can be substrate-stimulated, it is more likely to have a regulatory role in cell physiology.

In Vivo 19:657-660(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]