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Global topology analysis of the Escherichia coli inner membrane proteome.

Daley D.O., Rapp M., Granseth E., Melen K., Drew D., von Heijne G.

The protein complement of cellular membranes is notoriously resistant to standard proteomic analysis and structural studies. As a result, membrane proteomes remain ill-defined. Here, we report a global topology analysis of the Escherichia coli inner membrane proteome. Using C-terminal tagging with the alkaline phosphatase and green fluorescent protein, we established the periplasmic or cytoplasmic locations of the C termini for 601 inner membrane proteins. By constraining a topology prediction algorithm with this data, we derived high-quality topology models for the 601 proteins, providing a firm foundation for future functional studies of this and other membrane proteomes. We also estimated the overexpression potential for 397 green fluorescent protein fusions; the results suggest that a large fraction of all inner membrane proteins can be produced in sufficient quantities for biochemical and structural work.

Science 308:1321-1323(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]