PP2A-dependent transactivation of the cyclin A promoter by SV40 ST is mediated by a cell cycle-regulated E2F site.
The Simian Virus 40 (SV40) small-t antigen (ST) plays an important role in driving cell proliferation, enhancing transformation by the large-T (LT) antigen. Potential targets of ST are the cyclin kinase inhibitor p27 and the cyclin A gene itself. Transactivation of the cyclin A promoter by ST depends on the interaction of ST with protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and occurs through a cell cycle-regulated E2F site near the transcription start site of the promoter. A third SV40 early protein, 17KT, also transactivates the cyclin A promoter but, in this case, transactivation depends on the dnaJ domain of the protein.