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Copurification of small heat shock protein with alpha B crystallin from human skeletal muscle.
Immunoreactive alpha B crystallin and a 28-kDa protein in an extract of human pectoral muscle were precipitated by (NH4)2SO4 at 40% saturation, and coeluted during column chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose and on Bio-Gel A-5m. The two proteins were separated on a column of S-Sepharose HP in the presence of 7 M urea. Further chromatography of each of the two resultant fractions on a column of Superdex 75 pg and on a TSK-SP 5PW column in the presence of urea yielded preparations of alpha B crystallin and the 28-kDa protein each of which gave a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The final preparation of 28-kDa protein contained at least two subtypes, which were separable on the TSK-SP column. However, fragmentation patterns of the two major 28-kDa proteins after digestion with endoproteinase Asp-N were identical. Amino acid sequences of peptides formed by cleavage of the purified 28-kDa protein and alpha B crystallin were identical to those of particular regions of the deduced amino acid sequences of human small heat shock protein (HSP28) and lens alpha B crystallin, respectively. Using an immunoassay method, with antibodies raised in rabbits, we found that HSP28 was present in all human tissues tested and at high levels (greater than 1 micrograms/mg protein) in the heart and other tissues composed of striated and smooth muscles. HSP28, found with alpha B crystallin, in extracts of several human and bovine tissues was trapped on and coeluted with alpha B crystallin from an affinity column prepared with antibodies against alpha B crystallin. This result suggests that the two proteins are associated in cells.