Novel MYOC gene mutation, Phe369Leu, in Japanese patients with primary open-angle glaucoma detected by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography.
PURPOSE: To screen for mutations in the MYOC gene in Japanese patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 171 patients with POAG and 100 controls from seven institutions in Japan. For high-throughput analysis, seven exonic regions were amplified by polymerase chain reaction using DNA pooled from three patients; each DNA pool was then analyzed chromatographically. For analysis of a small number of samples, 7 exonic regions were amplified separately but simultaneously with annealing at 58 degrees C in each patient and then chromatographed, using 7 wells of the same 96-well plate per sample. When chromatographic patterns were abnormal by either method, the PCR products of the individual samples were sequenced. RESULTS: Four glaucoma-causing mutations were identified in five POAG patients (2.9%). One missense mutation, Phe369Leu, is new; and three others, Ile360Asn, Ala363Thr, and Thr448Pro, have been reported in Japanese patients. Phe369Leu was associated with adult onset POAG. CONCLUSIONS: Mutations in the MYOC gene were demonstrated chromatographically in 2.9% of our Japanese POAG patients. The use of pooled DNAs with DHPLC analysis is a time- and labor-saving technique. All mutations detected appear to be specific to Japanese patients.