Lung cancer: intragenic ERBB2 kinase mutations in tumours.
Stephens P., Hunter C., Bignell G., Edkins S., Davies H., Teague J., Stevens C., O'Meara S., Smith R., Parker A., Barthorpe A., Blow M., Brackenbury L., Butler A., Clarke O., Cole J., Dicks E., Dike A., Drozd A., Edwards K., Forbes S., Foster R., Gray K., Greenman C., Halliday K., Hills K., Kosmidou V., Lugg R., Menzies A., Perry J., Petty R., Raine K., Ratford L., Shepherd R., Small A., Stephens Y., Tofts C., Varian J., West S., Widaa S., Yates A., Brasseur F., Cooper C.S., Flanagan A.M., Knowles M., Leung S.Y., Louis D.N., Looijenga L.H., Malkowicz B., Pierotti M.A., Teh B., Chenevix-Trench G., Weber B.L., Yuen S.T., Harris G., Goldstraw P., Nicholson A.G., Futreal P.A., Wooster R., Stratton M.R.
The protein-kinase family is the most frequently mutated gene family found in human cancer and faulty kinase enzymes are being investigated as promising targets for the design of antitumour therapies. We have sequenced the gene encoding the transmembrane protein tyrosine kinase ERBB2 (also known as HER2 or Neu) from 120 primary lung tumours and identified 4% that have mutations within the kinase domain; in the adenocarcinoma subtype of lung cancer, 10% of cases had mutations. ERBB2 inhibitors, which have so far proved to be ineffective in treating lung cancer, should now be clinically re-evaluated in the specific subset of patients with lung cancer whose tumours carry ERBB2 mutations.