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Ankyrin-B targets beta2-spectrin to an intracellular compartment in neonatal cardiomyocytes.

Mohler P.J., Yoon W., Bennett V.

Ankyrin-B is a spectrin-binding protein that is required for localization of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor and ryanodine receptor in neonatal cardiomyocytes. This work addresses the interaction between ankyrin-B and beta(2)-spectrin in these cells. Ankyrin-B and beta(2)-spectrin are colocalized in an intracellular striated compartment overlying the M-line and distinct from T-tubules, sarcoplasmic reticulum, Golgi, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, and endosomes. Beta(2)-Spectrin is absent in ankyrin-B-null cardiomyocytes and is restored to a normal striated pattern by rescue with green fluorescent protein-220-kDa ankyrin-B. We identified two mutants (A1000P and DAR976AAA) located in the ZU5 domain which eliminate spectrin binding activity of ankyrin-B. Ankyrin-B mutants lacking spectrin binding activity are normally targeted but do not reestablish beta(2)-spectrin in ankyrin-B(+/-) cardiomyocytes. However, both mutant forms of ankyrin-B are still capable of restoring inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor localization and normal contraction frequency of cardiomyocytes. Therefore, direct binding of beta(2)-spectrin to ankyrin-B is required for the normal targeting of beta(2)-spectrin in neonatal cardiomyocytes. In contrast, ankyrin-B localization and function are independent of beta(2)-spectrin. In summary, this work demonstrates that interaction between members of the ankyrin and beta-spectrin families previously established in erythrocytes and axon initial segments also occurs in neonatal cardiomyocytes with ankyrin-B and beta(2)-spectrin. This work also establishes a functional hierarchy in which ankyrin-B determines the localization of beta(2)-spectrin and operates independently of beta(2)-spectrin in its role in organizing membrane-spanning proteins.

J. Biol. Chem. 279:40185-40193(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]