Comparative genomic analyses of frog virus 3, type species of the genus Ranavirus (family Iridoviridae).
Frog virus 3 (FV3) is the type species member of the genus Ranavirus (family Iridoviridae). To better understand the molecular mechanisms involved in the replication of FV3, including transcription of its highly methylated DNA genome, we have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the FV3 genome. The FV3 genome is 105903 bp long excluding the terminal redundancy. The G + C content of FV3 genome is 55% and it encodes 98 nonoverlapping potential open reading frames (ORFs) containing 50-1293 amino acids. Eighty-four ORFs have significant homology to known proteins of other iridoviruses, whereas twelve of these unique FV3 proteins do not share homology to any known protein. A microsatellite containing a stretch of 34 tandemly repeated CA dinucleotide in a noncoding region was detected. To date, no such sequence has been reported in any animal virus.