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CLIC-2 modulates cardiac ryanodine receptor Ca2+ release channels.

Board P.G., Coggan M., Watson S., Gage P.W., Dulhunty A.F.

We have examined the biochemical and functional properties of the recently identified, uncharacterised CLIC-2 protein. Sequence alignments showed that CLIC-2 has a high degree of sequence similarity with CLIC-1 and some similarity to the omega class of glutathione transferases (GSTO). A homology model of CLIC-2 based on the crystal structure of CLIC-1 suggests that CLIC-2 belongs to the GST structural family but, unlike the GSTs, CLIC-2 exists as a monomer. It also has an unusual enzyme activity profile. While the CXXC active site motif is conserved between CLIC-2 and the glutaredoxins, no thiol transferase activity was detected. In contrast, low glutathione peroxidase activity was recorded. CLIC-2 was found to be widely distributed in tissues including heart and skeletal muscle. Functional studies showed that CLIC-2 inhibited cardiac ryanodine receptor Ca2+ release channels in lipid bilayers when added to the cytoplasmic side of the channels and inhibited Ca2+ release from cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles. The inhibition of RyR channels was reversed by removing CLIC-2 from the solution or by adding an anti-CLIC-2 antibody. The results suggest that one function of CLIC-2 might be to limit Ca2+ release from internal stores in cells.

Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 36:1599-1612(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]