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Development and characterization of potent and specific peptide inhibitors of p60c-src protein tyrosine kinase using pseudosubstrate-based inhibitor design approach.

Kamath J.R., Liu R., Enstrom A.M., Lou Q., Lam K.S.

The cytoplasmic protein p60c-src, an ubiquitous non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) is a potential anticancer target as it is over-expressed and/or constitutively active in several cancer types. In addition, the phenotype of c-src knock-out mice is consistent with osteopetrosis, which suggests that inhibitors against this enzyme may also be therapeutic for osteoporosis. Using a known peptide substrate for c-src, MIYKYYF, as a template, we have developed a series of pseudosubstrate-based peptide inhibitors. Structure-activity relationship studies have been performed on one of these inhibitors, CIYKYYF. In a kinase assay using YIYGSFK as the substrate, CIYKYY has been demonstrated to inhibit p60c-src, with an IC50 of 0.6 microm. Further truncation has led to the determination that even the smaller peptide, CIYK, is a moderately potent inhibitor with IC50 of 15 microm. Some improvement in inhibitory potency (IC50 = 11.8 microm) has been observed with the replacement of Tyr3 in CIYK with beta-phenylalanine (beta-Phe). The tetrapeptide CI(beta-Phe)K will be used as a lead compound for future development of peptidomimetics and small molecule inhibitors that have the capacity to penetrate the plasma membrane of intact cells.

J. Pept. Res. 62:260-268(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]