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Interplay between IFN-gamma and IL-6 signaling governs neutrophil trafficking and apoptosis during acute inflammation.

McLoughlin R.M., Witowski J., Robson R.L., Wilkinson T.S., Hurst S.M., Williams A.S., Williams J.D., Rose-John S., Jones S.A., Topley N.

Regulated recruitment and clearance of neutrophils (PMN) is the hallmark of competent host defense and resolution of inflammation. We now report that IFN-gamma controls PMN infiltration and modulates IL-6 signaling through its soluble receptor (sIL-6R) to promote their apoptosis and clearance. Induction of peritoneal inflammation in IFN-gamma-deficient (IFN-gamma-/-) mice emphasized that the initial rate of PMN recruitment was impaired. This defect in PMN recruitment was also associated with the suppressed intraperitoneal expression of IL-1beta and IL-6. Reconstitution of IFN-gamma signaling restored the rate of PMN infiltration and IL-6 levels and was accompanied by normalization of PMN-activating CXC chemokine expression. To test whether local IL-6 signaling modulated PMN recruitment, inflammation was induced in IFN-gamma-/- and IL-6-/-mice and cytokine signaling adapted by intraperitoneal sIL-6R-IL-6 fusion protein (HYPER-IL-6) or IFN-gamma. Although HYPER-IL-6 attenuated PMN influx in IFN-gamma-/-mice, IFN-gamma had no effect on PMN infiltration in IL-6-/-mice. Examination of the leukocyte infiltrate from IFN-gamma-/-, IL-6-/-, and wild-type mice showed that apoptosis was aberrant in the absence of IFN-gamma and IL-6 as a result of impaired sIL-6R signaling. These data emphasize a pivotal role for IFN-gamma in regulating innate immunity through control of both the recruitment and clearance phases of PMN trafficking.

J. Clin. Invest. 112:598-607(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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