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Identification, cloning, and functional characterization of a murine lipoxin A4 receptor homologue gene.

Vaughn M.W., Proske R.J., Haviland D.L.

To identify additional members of the murine N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe peptide receptor family (fMLF-R), a mouse macrophage cDNA library was screened using the open reading frame of murine N-formyl peptide receptor. Four individual hybridizing cDNA clones were maintained through tertiary screening. One cDNA clone was a truncated, polyadenylated version of the previously described murine-fMLF-R. The other three cDNA clones varied in length, but contained identical open reading frame sequences. One clone, 8C10, was selected for further study and shared 70% sequence identity with murine-fMLF-R and 89% sequence identity with murine lipoxin A4 receptor cDNA. When placed into the pcDNA-3 expression vector and cotransfected with Galpha16 cDNA into COS-1 cells, 8C10 cDNA induced the production of inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate when concentrations of 1-1600 nM lipoxin A4 (LXA4) were tested as ligands. Northern blot analysis of murine organs indicated that the 8C10 message is present in lung, spleen, and adipose tissue. Moreover, mice treated with LPS demonstrated increased expression of 8C10 message in spleen and adipose tissue, while showing a slight reduction in lung. We have also characterized the 8C10 structural gene from a 129Sv/J genomic library and have determined its size to be >6.1 kb in length and comprised of two exons separated by a 4.8-kb intron. Collectively, these data indicate that this homologue receptor is closely related to the murine LXA4 receptor and functionally responds to LXA4 as a ligand.

J. Immunol. 169:3363-3369(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]