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Genetic polymorphism of the human cytochrome P450 CYP4B1: evidence for a non-functional allelic variant.

Lo-Guidice J.-M., Allorge D., Cauffiez C., Chevalier D., Lafitte J.-J., Lhermitte M., Broly F.

In the present study, we report the first systematic investigation of polymorphism in the human CYP4B1 gene. Using a strategy based on single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of PCR products (PCR-SSCP), we analyzed the twelve exons of the gene, as well as their 5'- and 3'-proximal flanking sequences, in DNA samples from 190 French Caucasians. In addition to the wild-type CYP4B1* allele (CYP4B1*1), four variants, namely CYP4B1*2, *3, *4 and *5, were characterized. The CYP4B1*3, *4 and *5 alleles encode missense mutations Arg173Trp, Ser322Gly and Met331Ile, respectively. The fourth variant, CYP4B1*2, harbors three missense mutations (Met331Ile, Arg340Cys and Arg375Cys) and a double nucleotide deletion (AT881-882del) that causes a frameshift and premature stop codon in the second third of the coding sequence of the gene. This latter mutation can be assumed to lead to the synthesis of a severely truncated protein and, therefore, probably contributes to interindividual variability of CYP4B1 expression and enzymatic activity. In order to investigate the extent of the CYP4B1*2 allele in a large population, a rapid genotyping test, based on restriction analysis of PCR products, was developed and applied to 2082 French Caucasians. Forty-two subjects were found homozygous for the AT881-882 deletion, which suggests that about 2% of individuals should be unable to develop metabolic reactions mediated by CYP4B1. Given the relatively high frequency and the functional consequences of the CYP4B1*2 allele, associations between CYP4B1 polymorphism and certain pathological processes should be considered.

Pharmacogenetics 12:367-374(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]