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Role of SRP RNA in the GTPase cycles of Ffh and FtsY.

Peluso P., Shan S.O., Nock S., Herschlag D., Walter P.

The bacterial homologues of the signal recognition particle (SRP) and its receptor, the Ffh*4.5S RNA ribonucleoprotein complex and the FtsY protein, respectively, form a unique complex in which both Ffh and FtsY act as GTPase activating proteins for one another, resulting in the mutual stimulation of GTP hydrolysis by both proteins. Previous work showed that 4.5S RNA enhances the GTPase activity in the presence of both Ffh and FtsY, but it was not clear how this was accomplished. In this work, kinetic and thermodynamic analyses of the GTPase reactions of Ffh and FtsY have provided insights into the role of 4.5S RNA in the GTPase cycles of Ffh and FtsY. We found that 4.5S RNA accelerates the association between Ffh and FtsY 400-fold in their GTP-bound form, analogous to its 200-fold catalytic effect on Ffh*FtsY association previously observed with the GppNHp-bound form [Peluso, P., et al. (2000) Science 288, 1640-1643]. Further, Ffh-FtsY association is rate-limiting for the observed GTPase reaction with subsaturating Ffh and FtsY, thereby accounting for the apparent stimulatory effect of 4.5S RNA on the GTPase activity observed previously. An additional step, GTP hydrolysis from the Ffh*FtsY complex, is also moderately facilitated by 4.5S RNA. These results suggest that 4.5S RNA modulates the conformation of the Ffh*FtsY complex and may, in turn, regulate its GTPase activity during the SRP functional cycle.

Biochemistry 40:15224-15233(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]