TRAPP I implicated in the specificity of tethering in ER-to-Golgi transport.
TRAPP is a conserved protein complex required early in the secretory pathway. Here, we report two forms of TRAPP, TRAPP I and TRAPP II, that mediate different transport events. Using chemically pure TRAPP I and COPII vesicles, we have reconstituted vesicle targeting in vitro. The binding of COPII vesicles to TRAPP I is specific, blocked by GTPgammaS, and, surprisingly, does not require other tethering factors. Our findings imply that TRAPP I is the receptor on the Golgi for COPII vesicles. Once the vesicle binds to TRAPP I, the small GTP binding protein Ypt1p is activated and other tethering factors are recruited.