Cloning and characterisation of ITGAV, the genomic sequence for human cell adhesion protein (vitronectin) receptor alpha subunit, CD51.
The integrin family of receptors serves as major receptors for extracellular matrix-mediated cell adhesion and migration, cytoskeletal organisation, cell proliferation, survival, and differentiation. The alpha-V integrins consist of a subset which share a common alpha-V subunit combined with one of five beta subunits (beta-1, 3, 5, 6, or 8). The alpha-V integrins have been implicated in a number of developmental processes, including vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, and are therapeutic targets for inhibition of angiogenesis and osteoporosis. The human cDNA for alpha-V integrin (ITGAV) consists of a 5,717-bp transcript with a coding sequence (CDS) of 3,146 bp encoding a 150-kDa mature peptide. Here we describe the gene structure of ITGAV.