Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Wild-type but not Parkinson's disease-related ala-53 --> Thr mutant alpha -synuclein protects neuronal cells from apoptotic stimuli.

da Costa C.A., Ancolio K., Checler F.

Recent works suggest that alpha-synuclein could play a central role in Parkinson's disease (PD). Thus, two mutations were reported to be associated with rare autosomal dominant forms of the disease. We examined whether alpha-synuclein could modulate the caspase-mediated response and vulnerability of murine neurons in response to various apoptotic stimuli. We established TSM1 neuronal cell lines overexpressing wild-type (wt) alpha-synuclein or the PD-related Ala-53 --> Thr mutant alpha-synuclein. Under basal conditions, acetyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-aldehyde-sensitive caspase activity appears significantly lower in wt alpha-synuclein-expressing cells than in neurons expressing the mutant. Interestingly, wt alpha-synuclein drastically reduces the caspase activation of TSM1 neurons upon three distinct apoptotic stimuli including staurosporine, etoposide, and ceramide C(2) when compared with mock-transfected cells. This inhibitory control of the caspase response triggered by apoptotic agents was abolished by the PD-related pathogenic mutation. Comparison of wild-type and mutated alpha-synuclein-expressing cells also indicates that the former exhibits much less vulnerability in response to staurosporine and etoposide as measured by the sodium 3'-[1-(phenylaminocarbonyl)-3, 4-tetrazolium]-bis(4-methoxy-6-nitro)benzenesulfonic acid assay. Altogether, our study indicates that wild-type alpha-synuclein exerts an antiapoptotic effect in neurons that appears to be abolished by the Parkinson's disease-related mutation, thereby suggesting a possible mechanism underlying both sporadic and familial forms of this neurodegenerative disease.

J. Biol. Chem. 275:24065-24069(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health