Phosphorylation of human gp130 at Ser-782 adjacent to the di-leucine internalization motif. Effects on expression and signaling.
The receptor for leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) consists of two polypeptides, the LIF receptor and gp130. Agonist stimulation has been shown previously to cause phosphorylation of gp130 on serine, threonine, and tyrosine residues. We found that gp130 fusion proteins were phosphorylated exclusively on Ser-782 by LIF- and growth factor-stimulated 3T3-L1 cell extracts. Ser-780 was required for phosphorylation of Ser-782 but was not itself phosphorylated. Ser-782 is located immediately N-terminal to the di-leucine motif of gp130, which regulates internalization of the receptor. Transient expression of chimeric granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor (G-CSFR)-gp130(S782A) receptors resulted in increased cell surface expression in COS-7 cells and increased ability to induce vasoactive intestinal peptide gene expression in IMR-32 neuroblastoma cells when compared with expression of chimeric receptors containing wild-type gp130 cytoplasmic domains. These results identify Ser-782 as the major phosphorylated serine residue in human gp130 and indicate that this site regulates cell surface expression of the receptor polypeptide.