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A rapid screening for steroid 21-hydroxylase mutations in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Kapelari K., Ghanaati Z., Wollmann H., Ventz M., Ranke M.B., Kofler R., Peters H.

Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the major cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is divided into three classes: salt-wasting (classical), non-classical and simple virilizing, reflecting different degrees of clinical severity. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridisation (ASO), we screened the DNA of 62 Caucasian CAH families (heterozygous parents and children) for 14 different and frequently-found CYP21-mutations (HGMD). Of the 62 patients (21 males, 41 females), 26 females and 11 males had the classical or salt-wasting form, 3 females and 1 male had the non-classical form and 14 females and 7 males had simple virilizing CAH. More than 60% of the patients were compound-heterozygous. We found the mutations on 110 alleles (out of 124 alleles). There were 30 CYP21 gene deletions/conversions, 3 substitutions (P30L) in exon 1, 30 splice mutations (c.93-13A/C>G) in intron 2, 26 point mutations (I172N) in exon 4, one cluster of mutations (I236N, V237E, M239K) in exon 6, 8 mutations (V281L and 1760-1761insT) in exon 7, and 8 nonsense (Q318X) and 4 missense (R356W) mutations in exon 8. Our study supports the case for using this rapid technique for CAH-family screening as long as alleles from both affected patients and parents are screened in parallel.

Hum. Mutat. 13:505-505(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]